Bhubaneswar, Nov 12 (LocalWire):Odisha is home to 1976 elephants and the state figures fifth in the list of elephant population in the country. Karnataka has 6049 elephants, Assam 5719, Kerala 3054 and Tamil Nadu 2761.
1 In 1979 there were 2044 elephants in Odisha which plunged to 1976 in 2017.
2 The pachyderm population in the state is marked by gender imbalance with 1092 females and 344 males.
The gender of the rest is yet to be ascertained.
3 During the 2015 census it was found that 1954 elephants resided in Odisha’s forested areas.
There has been slender rise (1.12%) in population of elephants that have been accorded the heritage animal status.
4 Of the 43 forest divisions in the state, as many as 37 divisions were found housing elephants.
5 Mayurbhanj, Sambalpur and Mahanadi elephant reserves are home to 1536 elephants, accounting for 77.73% of total population.
These areas have seven wildlife sanctuaries.
6 In five other wildlife sanctuaries, headcount of 79 elephants (3.99%) has been made.
7 Outside the periphery of elephant reserves and sanctuaries, 361 elephants (18.26%) were found in the forested areas.
8 Similipal elephant reserve is home to 330 elephants, the highest number and 169 reside in the Dhenkanal division.
9 The state government has carved out three elephant reserves for better protection and conservation of these heritage animals.
10 Mayurbhanj elephant reserve comprises of Similipal tiger reserve (core area), Rairangpur, Baripada, Balasore wildlife and Keonjhar wildlife divisions.
Mahanadi Elephant Reserve comprising Satkosia wildlife, Mahanadi wildlife, Angul, Dhenkanal, Athgarh, Athmallik, Boudh, Nayagarh and Cuttack divisions.
Sambalpur Elephant Reserve comprises of Jharsuguda, Sambalpur,Bamra wildlife, Bonai and Rairakhol divisions