The purpose of National Girl Child Day is to eradicate the inequalities faced by the girls in society.
Thus, in wake of the situation, in 2008 on January 24, the Government of India decided to celebrate National Girl Child Day.
The day also focuses on the education of girls, their health, and nutrition.
It is also a fight against all kinds of abuse and female infanticide.
The national importance of the day:
Since 2008, the day is being celebrated by many of the key stakeholders working for girl’s rights and working towards changing the attitude of the society towards the girl child. The govt.
has launched several schemes and programs to help promote equality and a safe environment for girls.
Some of the landmark campaigns are Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Save the Girl Child, etc.
The popular programs are free or subsidized education, women reservation in educational institutes, cycles for traveling to far off schools, educational loans at reduced interest rates, and so on.
The staggering sex ratio of India:
With about 110 boys born in India for every 100 girls has raised many brows. India has one of the most skewed sex ratios of the world standing at 5th rank following China, Azerbaijan, Viet Nam, and Armenia. When we look at the age group, i.e. from 20 to 24 years, the ratio is even worse, which is 112.54.
With 110.37 boys for every 100 girls, India stands at 8th position in the world for being one of the most skewed child sex ratio.
In Odisha, the ratio has been showing an increasing trend since 2011-13.
In addition to all this, the sex ratio has surely improved from 933 (2001) to 943 (2011). According to the UN population Prospects 2019 report, the ratio is believed to decline to 103.36 by 2092.