Kendrapara, Jan 9 (LocalWire) Forest officials and ornithologists have recently sighted a rare Long-billed Plover (Charadrius placidus) bird in Bhitarakanika National Park during the annual bird census on.
Confirming the same, noted ornithologist and Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) Deputy Director Dr S. Balachandran said Long-billed Plover is a species of bird in the Charadriidae family.
It is an East Asian bird, with a known distribution from Ussuri in southeastern Siberia, Russia, through North Korea and Japan to central China.
The species has breeding populations in central China, southeastern Siberia , northeastern China and North Korea .
It was first sighted in Bhitarkanika during avian census on Sunday.
“Two young ornithologist Saswat Ppati and his younger brother Sourava Pati sighted and clicked the photo of this rare and endangered bird at Satabhaya within the park on Jan 6,” said Balachandran.
The Long-billed Plover is found on the riverine shingle beds at Rupa town in Arunachal Pradesh. It is also found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam.
The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated Long-billed Plover and has listed them as of “Least Concern”.
Habitat loss due to agriculture extension and human developments, hunting, collisions with any kind of wires, disturbances by fishermen and poachers, are important causes that involve great declines of the species, said Balachandran.
This rare bird feeds on seeds, leaves and grass weeds, sedges, aquatic vegetation, seeds coming from crops such as rice and soya, and acorns. It also consumes small aquatic invertebrates, snails and insects, said Balachandran.
Bhitarakanika is home to about 269 species of birds, including 98 species of migratory birds. But the sight of a rare migratory bird is baffling the wildlife officials and ornithologists.
In 1981, noted ornithologist Salim Ali had visited Bhitarkanika. Overwhelmed by its beauty and the herony at Bagagahana within the park, he had suggested before the government to declare it as a Biosphere Zone to protect the serene environment and its wildlife and avian species.
But, the proposal is yet to be implemented, said Sudhansu Parida, an environmentalist and secretary of the district unit of Peoples for Animal.