Population of an area is one of the most important factors which helps maintain balance in an ecosystem. We cannot have a sustainable planet without stabilizing the population growth and mapping the already existing population.
The population census is the only source of primary data in the village, town and ward level, which in turn helps us to map larger areas like state, country, continent, etc. The census provides valuable information which is used in the formulation of policies of the state and central governments.
World Population Day has been celebrated every year on July 11 since 1989, in order to raise awareness on global population issues.
Awareness can only come with information, hence, here are some facts about the population and demography of Odisha, which we hope will help provide you a perspective on the occasion of this very important day.
According to the 2011 census, the total population of Odisha is nearly 4.2 crores, of which the rural population is nearly 3.5 crores (83.3%) and the urban population is more than 70 lakhs (16.7%).
While Ganjam district is the most populated and also has the largest rural population in the state, Khordha district has the largest urban population.
According to the distribution of population density, Khordha has the highest population density while Kandhamal has the lowest.
Scheduled Tribes constitute 22.8% while Scheduled Castes constitute 17.1% of the total population of the state.
The Effective Literacy Rate in Odisha (in the 2011 census) turned out to be 72.9%, which saw an increase of 9.8 points from the last decade.
The world population increases annually by a 100 million approximately and it touched 770 crores in 2019.
World Population Day aims to increase awareness on various population issues such as the importance of family planning, gender equality, poverty, maternal health and human rights.