Bhubaneswar, September 19 (LocalWire): The Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT-D) has made several recommendations for containing the rising heat graph at Angul-Talcher Industrial Area (ATIA).
ATIA is one of the oldest industrial zones of the counthttp://localwire.me/wp-admin/edit.phpry and was declared the 7th among all Critically Polluted Area (CPA) in India due to open cast mines, an industrial set of aluminum smelting, thermal power generation, steel making besides other pollution-induced industrial activities.
“The buildings located in the industrial belt ought to have reflective roofs that would transfer less heat to the building below. Therefore the building stays cooler and uses less energy for air conditioning”, the study report by IIT-D’s Centre for Atmospheric Sciences stated.
“By way of shading the roof with solar panels, it will reduce the cooling energy demand within a building, while solar panels will produce energy that can be used in the building.
Permeable pavements need to be built to allow stormwater to infiltrate into underlying soil thereby reducing surface temperature,” the report said.
The report also recommends converting the various patches of wastelands into water bodies, cropland or forest area depending on the feasibility.
According to the report, the region should adopt the Miyawaki technique of afforestation that involves planting a number of different species planted close together in a small pit.
“This enriches the green cover and reinforces the richness of the land irrespective of soil and climatic conditions,” it stated.
The report also points out that the development of irrigation facilities will enhance the moisture level of the soil, and also ensure more revenue opportunities for farmers.
This will also help cool and ambient environs, it said.
It also advises local institutions to take initiative in running programs to create awareness in the industrial sector, educational institutes, community halls and different levels of local body meetings and sensitise people about heat island effect and thermal stress.
The Angul-Talcher belt, home to over a dozen of big and small mining, steel and aluminum-based industries, generates huge revenue with three mega public sector undertakings — the National Aluminium Company Limited, the Mahanadi Coalfields Limited and the National Thermal Power Corporation.
The industrial area has a complex urban-industrial fabric with significant industrial heat emissions.
Thus, it becomes a potential region for the development of heat island hotspots.
The industries and power plants in the region release a substantial quantity of heat leading to high ambient temperature, making it one of the hottest districts in Odisha with summer temperature goes up to 44-46°C.