Bhubaneswar, Mar 4 (LocalWire): Leading government cancer treatment institutions in Odisha which are seeing hundreds of cancer patients every day opine that the pattern of cancer cases in the state is slowly undergoing a transformation.
Government doctors working with premier public hospitals which treat cancer like the Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Centre (AHRCC), Cuttack and All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Bhubaneswar told Local Wire that with change in life style and urbanization the types of cancers affecting the population have changed in the last few years.
“There is no doubt that the incidences of cancer cases in the state are rising each year. But now the pattern of cancer cases is also getting transformed. Now there is a potential rise in cases of breast cancer in women and colo-rectal (intestinal) cancer among males,” said Dr Lalatendu Sarangi, Director, AHRCC, Cuttack.
He also added, “Earlier among women the most common cancer was cervical cancer. But now breast cancer has taken the place of commonest cancer among women.
Change in lifestyle, more addictions for foods high in salt and sugar contents and unhealthy practices like avoiding breastfeeding to the kids are some of the reasons behind such change,”
Sarangi said that more spices rich food, consumption of salted dry fish (Sukhua) and other reasons have given impetus to the rise of colo-rectal cancers among the males in the state. Doctors at AIIMS have also validated the trend.
“We have seen that we are seeing more number of colo-rectal cancer patients from coastal regions where the consumption of salted dry fish is higher.
Such trends establish the link of the food habits there to the rise of such cases,” said Dr Madhabananda Kar, surgical oncologist from AIIMS, Bhubaneswar.
He also added the tribal dominated districts like Nabarangpur and Kalahandi still report higher number of cervical cancers due to lesser awareness of healthy sexual habits and lack of penetration of HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) vaccines.
Kar said that more than 95 per cent of cervical cancers are due to HPV infections which could be prevented through HPV vaccines which are till now confined to the private hospitals.