Bhubaneswar, August 13 (LocalWire): Organ Donation Day in India is celebrated on 13 August every year to motivate all to donate organs as well as to understand the value of organ donation in the life of an individual.
Over five lakh Indians die every year due to failure of vital organs, and one organ donor can save more than eight lives by donating well-functioning organs after death.
The organs that can be successfully harnessed for transplant in other humans include kidney, liver, bone marrow, heart, lung, cornea, pancreases, and small bowel.
Sadly, in Odisha, the rate of organ donors as compared to rest of the country is very low due to misconceptions, myths, and confusions, and even those who donate organs prefer to give it only to their relatives.
The Government of Odisha has been slow in promoting organ donations and developing facilities for organ transplantation in the state.
Except for Srirama Chandra Bhanja (SCB) Medical College and Hospital in Cuttack, no other government-run hospital in the state has the facility to preserve and transplant harvested organs and no other hospitals even have the facility to match a deceased donor with a living recipient.
There is little action because of misunderstandings, fears triggered by religion and lack of clarity.
People do not have proper awareness about the organ donation, which organs can be donated, when they can donate, how to get registered for the organ donation.
In India, consent of the nearest relative is required for a hospital to obtain organs from a body. This can be a major roadblock in organ donation, as relatives are often uncomfortable about allowing the organs to be harvested.
Filling out the form is a ‘conscience scam’ – while we feel good about ourselves, but it does not really work because the family is not aware of the decision, which is important because they own the body after the death of a person.
In our state medical colleges and schools organise awareness drives, marathons, debates, slogan writing and short film making competitions where both doctors and students take part.
Many NGOs like the Mohan Foundation operate kidney donation centers across Odisha and there are organisations specialising in kidney transplantation like Utkal Kidney Foundation.
An NGO, Multi-Organ Transplantation and Human and Educational Research (MOTHER), has been started by TN Panday, with the objective of promoting organ donation and transplantation and human dead body donation.
A new decision to incorporate organ donation into the educational curriculum has also been taken by the state government so that children get the real idea of organ donation.
Several organ donors and their families from across the state were honoured by the government.
Organ donation and transplantation is not new to India. As per Hindu mythology Dadhichi the great Rishi, donated his bones to prepare the necessary weapon to kill the demon king Brutrasur – a selfless act for the welfare of mankind.