Bhubaneswar, August 11 (LocalWire): The state government, in its recently-released draft Agriculture Policy 2019, observed that although livestock is a vital component to augment rural economy, this sector is not properly exploited for income generation by farmers.
According to the data, only the landless and near-landless agricultural workers reared livestock to add to their income.
The marginal and small farmers (with landholdings greater than 0.01 hectares but less than 2 hectares) earned very little from livestock.
The cattle farmers in addition, encounter practical difficulties of extremely low milk yields, inexplicably high number of male cattle and very low levels of organized milk processing in the state, the draft report said.
Although the poultry sector has expanded, it has not been inclusive of the small farmers since the decentralized production model favours large farms and the model itself is still in its infancy.
Goat-rearers have been found to have suffered due to inadequate marketing, technological and extension support, it said.
Livestock products, which account for more than 20 % of the total value of agricultural output, contribute significantly to food security and sustainability.
As per the livestock census conduced last time, the total cattle and buffalo population is 123.47 lakh, small ruminants 80.94 lakh, pig 2.80 lakh and poultry 198.90 lakhs.
There is an increase in cross-bred population and decrease in unproductive animals with the implementation of cross breeding programmes.
The milk production is steadily rising due to increase in per animal production, according to animal husbandry officials.
The state government has set a target to create employment opportunity for 5 lakh farmers in animal resource department with increased milk production from 2.0 million MT to 4.8 million MT per annum by 2020, they added.