Bhubaneswar, Feb 6 (LocalWire) Odisha is gearing up its preventive measures to reduce casualties and damages of properties due to thunderstorm and lightning.
The state government is chalking out its revised action plan based on the presentations by the experts and scientists from different organizations and exclusive panel discussions held recently at the International Conference on Thunderstorm and Lightning in Tropics (ICTLT).
The following recommendations emerged at the ICTLT-2019:
1. Status of available observed datasets and its easy access/availability to the researchand operational communities through a central portal (specification of data, frequency, availability period, and source)for thunderstorms study, model simulation and validation.
2. Possible utilization of freely available additional observational and analysis data sets from national and international sources and archive the same in data portal.
3. Need of dense Meso-networks (surface and upper air) over the lightning/thunderstorms hotspots (Based on the analysis of data stated in points 1 and 2) with a close and joint efforts by MoES, ISRO, and State Govt. Authorities.
4. Development of test beds and cloud sourcing data.
1. Thunderstorm/lightning strike forecast (deterministic and probabilistic) 3-6 hours prior to the occurrence (location specific with higher confidence) with 12-24 hours outlook (for preparedness) to focus on rainfall, squall wind, hail and lightning.
2. Development of thunderstorm/lightning risk matrices (climatology, death history, damages).
3. Understanding of inter-linkage between various thermodynamic and dynamic indices and lighting events.
4. Strengthening and acceleration of R&D activities in MoES, Academics and R&D institutes to have customized high-resolution meso-scale modeling system for lighting & thunderstorm prediction.
5. Development of dynamical-statistical downscaling approaches as well as Experts system for improved prediction.
6. OSDMA to support R&D activities at academic and research institutes on various aspects of Lightning and Thunderstorms with specific focus on the issues related to Odisha.
Early Warning System and Preparedness:
1. Development of early warning system for location and intensity of thunderstorm/lightning and its dissemination using mobile network, media, siren etc.
2. Back page of school books may be printed with “what to do” and “not to do” as preparedness and awareness of the children and the public.
3. Provision of printing with “what to do” and “not to do” on one side of the carry bags being used by the retailers and major shops (such as Big-Bazaar, Reliance, Grocery merchants etc.) for awareness programme for the common people. Preparation of the material to be printed and mobilization of vendors may be taken up by OSDMA/IMS and NGOs.
4. Trained teacher/citizen of each block/area can be sensitized to report Thunderstorm/Lightning events as well as causalities and major damages of their locality through communication network. Further, necessary guidelines for precautions to the public can be communicated through them.
1. Awareness programme and campaign in the block level (in all the schools/colleges/Panchayats) organized by State Disaster Management Authority on precaution/prevention measures to reduce loss of life.
2. Series of training-workshops for young Ph.D./M.Tech scholars on observational and modelling aspects of Thunderstorms & Lightning to enhance the knowledge network and research capability.
3. Sensitize media and NGOs on thunderstorm and lightning through interactive workshops regularly on the beginning of the onset of thunderstorm season. IMS will play proactive role in such awareness and training programme.
4. Encouragement to Citizen Science involving school Teachers, Students and prospective citizens.
5. In the secondary school syllabus, adequate coverage on thunderstorm and lightning as well as other natural disasters including awareness and preparedness strategies may be introduced.
1. Establishment of Lightning and Severe Thunderstorm Center in Odisha by joint collaboration of MoES and OSDMA as Odisha faced with almost 25% of the casualties in India due to lightning.
2. Establishment of a State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre as perthe guidelines of State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre ofKarnataka.
3. Encouragement for development of lowcost communication/dissemination systems by technological institutions/research organizations such as siren, flash lightning etc.
4. Explore technological means for prevention of causalities due to lightning in a hotspot region. Practice of the system being implemented in Srilanka may be explored.