Bhubaneswar, Oct 10 (LocalWire): According to a report published by the Inferential Survey Statistics and Research Foundation (ISS&RF), 49.3% of reverse migrants of Odisha (on whom a survey was conducted) were found to be self-employed in agriculture.
The ISS&RF recently conducted a study on the effects of the livelihood of the migrant labour population after reverse migration due to lockdown.
The survey covered 34 districts across six migrant states i.e. Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal.
The survey found that while more than 49% of the returned migrants (Sample Reverse Migrants) were self-employed in agriculture, nearly 47% are without work after returning to their native place, while a mere 2.82% of the SRMs were found to be working as casual workers either in agriculture or MNREGA.
The survey found that the two main factors responsible for the reverse migration of workers to Odisha were – no work in the place of migration (more than 56%) and danger of COVID-19 in the place of migration (more than 46%).
Nearly 60% of SRMs of Odisha were found to be willing to return to their places of migration.
Out of these, nearly 77% of “willing to return” migrants are salaried wage earners (having secured jobs) in the place of migration.
More than 48% of the SRMs were willing to return due to availability of employment opportunity in the place of migration while more than 35% are returning due to non-availability of employment in the native place.
In this light, the committee has recommended the intervention of state authorities to ensure their COVID risk free return.
It has also recommended the universalisation of PDS facility across the country, as presently the migrants do not have PDS facility at the place of migration.
Skill mapping of the migrants in different areas revealed the following results:
16.53% in mechanic/machine operator/ technician
12.30% in iron cutting/ wielding/ bending/ structure/ fabrication work
11.69% in construction
5.65% in cooking/domestic work
4.44% in driving
10% in tailoring, computer work, electrician, hospitality/hotel management
As skill mapping revealed limited range of skills of the migrants, attempts to impart skill through mega skill development would not be of any use presently, the report said. It would be better to work towards the diversifying of industrial and commercial bases of the state which could generate direct and indirect employment opportunities.
Finally, the report revealed that the SRMs had received more than one assistance in their native place (11% received Rs 500 in their Jan Dhan accounts, more than 63% received cash assistance of Rs 2000 on completion of institutional quarantine, 32% received free PDS rice and 21% received free PDS dal in Odisha).