Jajpur, August 8 (LocalWire): A rare gold coin dating back to the first century or the Kushan period was found on Thursday at the famous Buddhist site at Radhanagar in Jajpur district.
A farmer, Benudhar Nayak, of Radhanagar found the coin while cultivating his land.
Many curious locals gathered in the house of the farmer Benudhar Nayak to take a look at the gold coin.
“It is a great discovery at Radhanagar. A team of archaeologists and researchers rushed to the house of the farmer on Friday and collected the coin from him,” said Dr. Sunil Patnaik, a noted archaeologist and the secretary of Odisha Institute of Maritime and South East Asian Studies (OIMSEAS).
“The gold coin, weighing 7 grams, belongs to the early Kushan period dating back to 1st century BC.
The Kushan empire was covering North India and Central Asia and patronized trade and Buddhism.
We found Bramhi and Greek scripts inscribed on the coin.
Use of both the scripts on the coin establishes the connection of its issuer with the Indo-Greek, Indo- Scytho- rulers, added Dr. Patnaik.
The unearthing of the coin at the famous historical site at Radhanagar also proved that Radhanagar was a prosperous city during the Maurya, Sunga and Kushan period covering 3rd century BC to 3rd century CE.
The gold coin is a major contribution to the history of the state as it is the most ancient coin ever discovered in the state, added Dr. Patnaik.
Radhanagar was a famous Buddhist site. The urban growth with early Buddhism as a major factor is reflected in the culture complex of Radhanagar.
Radhanagar is located in the midst of a cluster of hillocks, on the right bank of river Kelua, a tributary of the Brahmani river.
It is assigned to the 4th – 1st century BC. During this phase, based on evidence, the settlement appears to have entered the stage of urbanization as noticed in the brick structure area at Radhanagar.
The excavations by us 12 years ago at Radhanagar yielded a total number of 1790 of antiquities of different materials ranging from iron to gold to terracotta figurines, added Dr. Patnaik.
As per section-3 of Treasure Trove Act, 1878, if any treasure exceeding in amount or value of ten rupees is found, the finder has to give notice in writing to the district collector containing the details as to the nature and amount or approximate value of the treasure, the place in which and the circumstances under which it was found and the date of the finding and thereafter the same will have to be deposited in the treasure or give it to the authority for being deposited at an appropriate place, said Subash Das a lawyer of the district.